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  #1  
Old November 26th, 2008, 11:05 AM
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Chicken India: Assam, AVIAN INFLUENZA A/H5N1 IN POULTRY (December 2008+)

INDIA: ASSAM, POSSIBLE NEW H5N1 POULTRY EPIZOOTIC (11/26/2008) [RSOE EDIS]
More than 300 poultry birds have died in the past five days in some villages in Assam, fuelling fears of bird flu, officials said here Wednesday, adding that a general alert was sounded in the area.


A veterinary department official said up to 300 chicken and ducks died an unnatural death in some villages around Hajo, about 35 km west of Assam’s main city of Guwahati.

“We have sent samples for laboratory tests to Pune and Bangalore for confirmation. We don’t know for sure if the poultry deaths were due to bird flu,” a veterinary department official said requesting not to be named.

Authorities Wednesday imposed a ban on sale of poultry and have sounded a general alert in about 40 villages in a radius of five kilometers from the area where the deaths were reported.

“By Thursday we shall be getting the laboratory test reports and maybe we have to start the culling process as there has been large-scale reports of deaths coming in from nearby areas,” Kamrup district magistrate R.C. Jain said.

“We have imposed a ban on sale and purchase of poultry and have asked people in the area not to consume chicken or duck as a precautionary measure.”

A general health alert was also sounded in the area.

Teams of experts are now camping in the area and were contemplating culling birds as a precautionary measure.

Residents of the area said a large number of birds were falling sick.

“We saw normal birds dying almost instantly without any symptoms. Now we find some of the poultry in the area a little sick,” said Biswa Das, a villager.)
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  #2  
Old November 26th, 2008, 11:22 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, possible new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Dead ducks usually point to H5N1.
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Old November 26th, 2008, 11:25 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, possible new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Also described at

http://www.newkerala.com/topstory-fullnews-51803.html

http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/...100123938.html

http://www.expressbuzz.com/edition/s...id=ZeOYIQMhNRY=
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  #4  
Old November 26th, 2008, 02:33 PM
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Default Re: Avian Influenza Outbreaks in Chickens, Bangladesh

Bird flu scare in Assam, 300 poultry dead




Guwahati, Nov 26: More than 300 poultry birds have died in the past five days in some villages in Assam, fuelling fears of bird flu, officials said here Wednesday, adding that a general alert was sounded in the area.

A veterinary department official said up to 300 chicken and ducks died an unnatural death in some villages around Hajo, about 35 km west of Assam's main city of Guwahati.

"We have sent samples for laboratory tests to Pune and Bangalore for confirmation. We don't know for sure if the poultry deaths were due to bird flu," a veterinary department official said requesting not to be named.

Authorities Wednesday imposed a ban on sale of poultry and have sounded a general alert in about 40 villages in a radius of five kilometers from the area where the deaths were reported.

"By Thursday we shall be getting the laboratory test reports and maybe we have to start the culling process as there has been large-scale reports of deaths coming in from nearby areas," Kamrup district magistrate R.C. Jain said.

"We have imposed a ban on sale and purchase of poultry and have asked people in the area not to consume chicken or duck as a precautionary measure."

A general health alert was also sounded in the area. Teams of experts are now camping in the area and were contemplating culling birds as a precautionary measure.

Residents of the area said a large number of birds were falling sick.

"We saw normal birds dying almost instantly without any symptoms. Now we find some of the poultry in the area a little sick," said Biswa Das, a villager. http://www.newkerala.com/topstory-fullnews-51803.html
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Old November 26th, 2008, 02:37 PM
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Default Re: Avian Influenza Outbreaks in Chickens, Bangladesh

Wednesday, November 26, 2008
Bird flu scare in Assam, 300 poultry dead


From correspondents in Assam, India, 09:31 PM IST

More than 300 poultry birds have died in the past five days in some villages in Assam, fuelling fears of bird flu, officials said here Wednesday, adding that a general alert was sounded in the area.
A veterinary department official said up to 300 chicken and ducks died an unnatural death in some villages around Hajo, about 35 km west of Assam's main city of Guwahati.
'We have sent samples for laboratory tests to Pune and Bangalore for confirmation. We don't know for sure if the poultry deaths were due to bird flu,' a veterinary department official said requesting not to be named.
Authorities Wednesday imposed a ban on sale of poultry and have sounded a general alert in about 40 villages in a radius of five kilometers from the area where the deaths were reported.
'By Thursday we shall be getting the laboratory test reports and maybe we have to start the culling process as there has been large-scale reports of deaths coming in from nearby areas,' Kamrup district magistrate R.C. Jain said.
'We have imposed a ban on sale and purchase of poultry and have asked people in the area not to consume chicken or duck as a precautionary measure.'
A general health alert was also sounded in the area. Teams of experts are now camping in the area and were contemplating culling birds as a precautionary measure.
Residents of the area said a large number of birds were falling sick.
'We saw normal birds dying almost instantly without any symptoms. Now we find some of the poultry in the area a little sick,' said Biswa Das, a villager.http://www.indiaenews.com/health/20081126/160830.htm
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  #6  
Old November 26th, 2008, 03:13 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, possible new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Days after India says it’s clean, bird flu strikes Assam block [Indian Express]
Days after India says it’s clean, bird flu strikes Assam block

Amitav Ranjan Posted: Nov 27, 2008 at 0027 hrs IST

New Delhi :

Almost a fortnight after India declared itself free of avian flu, preliminary reports have confirmed a fresh outbreak of the virus in Hajo block of Kamrup district in Assam where more than 200 poultry birds have died since last Saturday.


“Preliminary tests by the High Security Animal Disease Laboratory have indicated bird flu to be the reason behind the poultry deaths. The confirmatory test from the same lab is expected tomorrow. The outbreak will be declared once the report identifies the strain,” Government officials said today.

Once the outbreak of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) virus is notified, local health authorities would start culling within the five-km radius of the infected villages, numbered to be around 40.

However, the Department of Animal Husbandry in the Agriculture Ministry has issued instructions to set up a control room.

After the last outbreak reported in Darjeeling in West Bengal in May, there were no further reports prompting the Centre to declare the country free of avian flu.

Between January and May this year, 42 incidents of bird flu were reported from West Bengal and Tripura.

Though the last reported case in Darjeeling was disinfected on June 4, the Government couldn't declare itself flu-free due to a sporadic incident of outbreak in Manipur in July.

After three months elapsed without any incident, the Department on November 4 reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) that surveillance in the infected areas showed no signs of the flu and hence it was declaring the country free of bird flu.

The Department also informed the states of the new status but asked them not to be complacent in maintaining vigil against the disease.According to sources, the cause of the flu in Assam was unclear as the affected sites are far from Bangladesh that is frequently affected by the virus.

Moreover, the speed at which the birds were falling ill or dropping dead was a cause for concern, the sources said.

While the state government is claiming that 100 birds had died in the block area, unconfirmed reports put the number at 200, sources said.
-
Days after India says it’s clean, bird flu strikes Assam block
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Old November 26th, 2008, 04:08 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, probable new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Commentary

http://www.recombinomics.com/News/11...5N1_Assam.html
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Old November 26th, 2008, 04:14 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, probable new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Quote:
Originally Posted by niman View Post
Commentary

H5N1 Returns to Assam India
Recombinomics Commentary 21:01
November 26, 2008

“Preliminary tests by the High Security Animal Disease Laboratory have indicated bird flu to be the reason behind the poultry deaths. The confirmatory test from the same lab is expected tomorrow. The outbreak will be declared once the report identifies the strain,” Government officials said today.

The above comments, coupled with reports of dead poultry including ducks, strongly suggests that the strain in Assam, India will be H5N1. Several weeks ago Bangladesh reported an H5N1 outbreak and major outbreaks were reported in both countries last December and suspect poultry deaths in Assam were reported in January.

Media reports suggest there have been recent outbreaks in multiple locations in Assam, which would also support a migratory bird introductions into India and Bangladesh.



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Old November 27th, 2008, 04:27 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, probable new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Bird flu alert in Bhitarkanika

Express News Service
First Published : 27 Nov 2008 01:34:49 PM IST
Last Updated :

KENDRAPARA: The Forest and Veterinary officials have sounded alert in Bhitarkanika after large numbers of migratory birds started arriving in the national park with the onset on winter.

The officials have also taken precautionary steps to detect any sick birds in the park and its nearby areas, said Dr Keshaba Chandra Mohanty, Chief District Veterinary Officer (CDVO).

Two years back, two scientists from Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) examined a few migratory and local birds to detect the presence of flu virus. But they could not find any trace of it, said the officer.

The forest officials have also sounded a flu alert in the heronry of the park where lakhs of migratory avian species have already arrived.

The Forest and Veterinary officials distributed leaflets and booklets among the villagers near the park to create awareness about the bird flu , said the forest officer.

Forest and veterinary officials are also keeping a watchful eye on migratory birds like bar-headed geese, Bramihin Duck, plovers and other migratory species as they were found carrying H5NI strain of avian influenza in past.

‘‘Last year we collected blood and stool samples of about 300 avian species and sent the samples to Animal Disease Research Institute (ADRI), Bhubaneswar. Later, the officials of ADRI sent the samples to High Security Animal Disease Laboratory (HSADL) in Bhopal. However, the scientists of HSADL could not find any flu affected birds in Bhitarkanika. This year we will also collect blood samples of 300 birds shortly. We have also trained 40 poultry farm owners to detect sick hens,’’ said Mohanty.

http://www.expressbuzz.com/edition/s...id=CkCzSE5idhU=

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Old November 27th, 2008, 05:55 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, probable new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Just to avoid confusion: the previous posting refers to an other region in India: Orissa State.

http://www.indiawildliferesorts.com/...e-sanctuaries/bhitarkanika-sanctuary.html
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Old November 27th, 2008, 07:10 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, probable new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Quote:
Originally Posted by Dutchy View Post
Just to avoid confusion: the previous posting refers to an other region in India: Orissa State.

http://www.indiawildliferesorts.com/...e-sanctuaries/bhitarkanika-sanctuary.html
Only 300 samples from live birds are being collected, which will almost certainly produce 300 negatives. H5N1 in live wild birds is only detectable for a VERY brief time frame (24-48 hours) while birds are infected.
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Old November 27th, 2008, 02:41 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, probable new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Bird flu detected at Hajo in State
Ajit patowary
GUWAHATI, Nov 27—Dreaded bird flue has struck the State. Official circles here said that the Bhopal-based High Security Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (HSADL) confirmed this evening the outbreak of the disease among the domesticated fowls of Thakuria Chuba of Rajabazar village under Hajo Revenue Circles of Kamrup district. This is the first case of outbreak of the dreaded disease in the State, said the sources.

Reports of unusual death of fowls in the area started coming since November 21. Meanwhile, reports of unusual death of fowls have also been received from parts of Sarpara village of Palasbari in the same district. The State Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Department has already sent samples collected from the Palasbari birds to the HSADL, said the sources.

Samples collected from the Hajo area were sent to the HSADL on November 23 for confirmation. The experts of the Northeast Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (NERDDL) here collected the samples on November 21 and 22. The NERDDL also conducted preliminary tests on the samples collected on November 21.

The Directorate of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry here received reports of unusual death of domesticated birds from Thakuria Chuba, a locality inhabited by 25 families, on November 21. In the locality 87 fowls were reported dead on November 21. Of the birds, 62 were adult ones.

The next day, 66 birds were reported dead (48 adults), followed by 92 (56 adults) on November 23, 20 (12 adults) on November 24, 27 (19 adults) on November 25 and 32 (17 adults) on November 26. It is believed that at present there are around 100 fowls left in the locality, said the sources.

Now, since the HSADL has confirmed occurrence of the disease in Thakuria Chuba, culling operations will be taken up in an area of 5-km radius around the locality to create a bird-free zone so as to prevent spread of the disease to other areas, the sources said.

On the steps taken so far by the Directorate to prevent spread of the disease to other areas, sources said that immediately after receiving the information of the unusual death of the birds in the locality, a team of experts from the NERDDL headed by the in-charge of the Laboratory, rushed to the spot and took preventive measures and collected bio specimen and tested them at the NERDDL.

The experts collected morbid and sera samples from the area on November 22 and communicated the report of the development to the authorities concerned in the State and the Central Governments that day. The samples collected from the Hajo area were sent to the HSADL, Bhopal by special messenger with intimation to the Joint Commissioner (LHS) of the Central Government on November 23.

This was followed by the despatching of six Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) to the spot and necessary instructions were issued. The Department, in close association with the civil authorities, has been closely monitoring the overall situation in the area. The local people have also been made aware of the safe practices of poultry handling and proper disposal of the last remains of the dead birds.

On November 25, the Joint Commissioner (LHS) of the Union Government arrived at the city and held discussions with the departmental officers, State’s Veterinary Commissioner and Deputy Commissioners of both the Kamrup (Metro) and Kamrup districts. The Joint Commissioner also reviewed the situation on ground.

As per the direction of the Joint Commissioner (LHS), bio specimens from high mortality area were sent to the Pune-based National Institute of Virology by a special messenger and poultry population in the 0-5 km and 5-10 area around Thakuria Chuba were also calculated, said the sources.
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Old November 27th, 2008, 02:52 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, probable new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Map

http://www.geocities.com/cyberguwahati/kamrup.htm
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Old November 27th, 2008, 03:18 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, probable new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Updated map

http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UT...5,3.054199&z=8
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Old November 27th, 2008, 04:07 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, probable new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Commentary at

http://www.recombinomics.com/News/11...Confirmed.html
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Old November 27th, 2008, 04:36 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, probable new h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Quote:
Originally Posted by niman View Post
Commentary

H5N1 Confirmed in Assam India
Recombinomics Commentary 20:52
November 27, 2008

Official circles here said that the Bhopal-based High Security Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (HSADL) confirmed this evening the outbreak of the disease among the domesticated fowls of Thakuria Chuba of Rajabazar village under Hajo Revenue Circles of Kamrup district.

reports of unusual death of fowls have also been received from parts of Sarpara village of Palasbari in the same district.

The Directorate of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry here received reports of unusual death of domesticated birds from Thakuria Chuba, a locality inhabited by 25 families, on November 21. In the locality 87 fowls were reported dead on November 21. Of the birds, 62 were adult ones.

The next day, 66 birds were reported dead (48 adults), followed by 92 (56 adults) on November 23, 20 (12 adults) on November 24, 27 (19 adults) on November 25 and 32 (17 adults) on November 26. It is believed that at present there are around 100 fowls left in the locality, said the sources.

The above comments confirm H5N1 in the deaths of 297 birds near Hajo in the Kamrup district of Assam. Suspect H5N1 is also reported near Palasbari (see satellite map).

Assam has not confirmed H5N1 previously, although adjacent West Bengal and Bangladesh reported major outbreaks at the beginning of this year, when unusual poultry deaths were also reported in Assam. Recently Bangladesh reported confirmed H5N1 in Naogon, about 135 miles southwest of the outbreak in Hajo (see satellite map).

The death of 3/4 of the poultry near Hajo suggests additional outbreaks will be reported.



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Old November 27th, 2008, 06:08 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Centre’s aid sought to check H5N1 spread
Pranesh Sarkar
KOLKATA, Nov. 27: The state government sought the Centre's assistance to prevent the spread of the H5N1 virus in the state.
In the wake of a Bird Flu outbreak in the neighbouring Bangladesh, the state blamed its failure in carrying out surveillance of poultry in the Darjeeling Hill on the agitation of the Gorkha Jana Mukti Morcha. The state ARD officials could not carry out surveillance in Darjeeling due to the ongoing impasse.
Recently, the department of animal husbandry and dairying has asked the state to maintain strong surveillance on poultry in all districts following a Bird Flu outbreak in Bangladesh. But, a few senior officials of state animal resources development department said though all possible steps have been initiated in all districts, no such step could be initiated in Darjeeling.
Mr Anisur Rahman, state ARD minister, admitted that they were finding it difficult to carry out surveillance of poultry as directed by the Centre.
“We have informed the Centre about the situation. We have sought their assistance to maintain surveillance as our officials are facing trouble to carry out the programme which is needed to nip the H5N1 virus in the bud,” the minister said.
It may be recalled that the state suffered hugely after it failed to check the spread of the H5N1 virus in January last year.
The Centre has issued a caution notice after news of Bird Flu hitting Bangladesh spread. Last time also, it was found that the virus had entered the state through Bangladesh. As the state failed to react on time to the threat, the virus had spread to as many as 16 districts. The Centre had also held the lackadaisical attitude of the state responsible for the rapid spread of the virus.
“Though the Centre said that initial steps to control the virus were delayed, the entire containment process was carried out very efficiently especially if it is considered that the outbreak took place in backyard poultry. However, we are leaving no stone unturned this year. We have also asked the Centre to inform us if any Bird Flu case is confirmed in the earliest so that we can initiate proper steps to nip the problem in the bud,” the minister added.

http://www.thestatesman.net/page.new...ss=1&id=233210
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Old November 27th, 2008, 06:09 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Test confirms Hajo bird flu
Guwahati, Nov. 27: The Kamrup district administration tonight ordered culling of poultry in Rajapara village near Hajo after tests for bird flu proved positive.
Deputy commissioner R.C. Jain said he was informed of the test results this evening and accordingly sent out orders to cull the birds.
“We have been ready since yesterday. But now the culling will start tomorrow,” Jain said.
The administration had sent samples of the dead birds to the High Security Laboratory in Bhopal on Monday after 324 poultry died last week.
Jain said Thakuriapara in Rajapara under Hajo police station had 59 families, of which 24 rear poultry in their backyard on a commercial scale.
The deputy commissioner said 20 teams had been formed to carry out the culling operations and all the associated paraphernalia were in place.
The movement of birds had earlier been restricted to a radius of 5km of Thaku- riapara to prevent the disease from spreading, though till this evening veterinarians only suspected it to be bird flu.
Asenior veterinary official from Delhi, A.B. Negi, arrived in Hajo yesterday for observation and supervision of the operations if the need arose.
Jain said nearly 30,000 birds would be culled. “The entire operation is likely to take about three days,” he said.
For each small chicken culled, a cash compensation of Rs 20 would be paid to the owner, while Rs 50 is the rate for bigger birds.
For ducks, the compensation ranges from Rs 75 to Rs 160 depending on their size and breed.
Each egg that is destroyed, on the other hand, will fetch Rs 2 as compensation.
“We will pay the compensation on the spot,” Jain said.
The official said there was no need to ban the sale of poultry elsewhere in the state because of bird flu in one village.
Hajo, which is about 40km from here, meets a significant size of Guwahati’s poultry requirement.

http://www.telegraphindia.com/108112...y_10175439.jsp
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Old November 28th, 2008, 03:07 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

The Avian Flu seems to spread.


Officials report outbreak of bird flu in northeast

Fri Nov 28, 2008

GUWAHATI, India (Reuters) - Authorities in Assam have ordered culling thousands of chicken and ducks after a fresh outbreak of bird flu in poultry was detected late on Thursday, a senior official said.

"We were informed that the samples sent to laboratories in Bhopal and Pune have been tested positive. So we have ordered for culling in the area, which will start today," R. C. Jain, a senior state government official said on Friday.

"It is H5N1 stain," he said in Guwahati, the region's biggest city.

More than 30,000 chickens and ducks would be slaughtered in next three days in 20 villages, after one of them was hit by bird flu, officials said.

Authorities started to worry about a new outbreak after hundreds of poultry died in Rajabazar village, just 35 km west of Guwahati.

India has not reported any human infections so far, though the first outbreak in poultry was reported in 2006 in the western state of Maharashtra.

Experts fear the H5N1 strain could mutate into a form easily transmitted from person to person, leading to a pandemic.


http://in.reuters.com/article/topNew...36753120081128
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Old November 28th, 2008, 07:17 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Source: http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/...100124847.html

‘About 30,000 poultry to be culled in Assam’
November 28th, 2008 - 6:53 pm ICT by IANS -

Guwahati, Nov 28 (IANS) About 30,000 chickens and ducks will be culled in Assam during the next four days as an outbreak of bird flu in poultry
has been reported in the state, an official said.”The entire culling process is expected to be completed in three to four days as our teams are visiting each and every household in the area. We estimate there could be some 30,000 poultry birds in the area where culling is currently underway,” said Manoranjan Choudhury, deputy director of the Assam veterinary department.

The Indian health ministry Thursday confirmed outbreak of bird flu after laboratory tests confirmed strains of the deadly H5N1 avian influenza. Sale and purchase of poultry has been banned in the state.

Choudhury said about 30,000 chickens and ducks would be slaughtered in about 40 villages of Thakurichuba village, about 40 km west of Guwahati. The veterinary personnel involved in the culling process were being administered the antiviral drug Tamiflu as a precautionary measure.

“The process of culling has already started involving about 20 Rapid Response Teams with seven members in each group led by a veterinarian,” he said.

More than 300 birds died in the past one week in the state. Assam’s veterinary and animal husbandry department sounded an alert and is maintaining a strict surveillance on farms in the state.
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Old November 28th, 2008, 07:21 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/I...ow/3769945.cms

Bird flu: Meghalaya sounds alert
28 Nov 2008, 1714 hrs IST,

SHILLONG: With authorities in neighbouring Assam ordering culling of poultry after suspected cases of bird flu in its Kamrup district, Meghalaya
on Friday sounded an alert to prevent outbreak of the disease in the state.


State's veterinary officials had a meeting to assess the preparedness and adopt measures to prevent the disease from spreading to the state.

A veterinary official said deputy commissioners of all districts have been asked to be on alert, even as he said there were no cases of suspected bird flu in the state so far.

He also ruled out culling of poultry as of now. Culling of poultry began on Friday in Kamrup district of Assam that shares border with Meghalaya's Ri Bhoi and West Khasi Hills districts.


Meghalaya already has in place 150 rapid response teams along with 2,170 personnel with protective equipment that was procured last year after the outbreak of bird flu in West Bengal.
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Old November 28th, 2008, 07:27 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Source: http://www.topnews.in/fresh-bird-flu...k-assam-293712

Fresh Bird Flu Outbreak In Assam
Submitted by Piyush Diwan on Fri, 11/28/2008 - 09:23.

According to the health authorities, a fresh outbreak of bird flu was discovered in Hajo block of Kamrup district in Assam. Since last Saturday, over 200 birds have died in the area.

The state authorities have ordered culling thousands of chicken and ducks.

R. C. Jain, a senior state government official said, “We were informed that the samples sent to laboratories in Bhopal and Pune have been tested positive. So we have ordered for culling in the area, which will start today.”

"It is H5N1 stain," added the official.

Earlier on Wednesday, the health authorities had imposed a ban on sale of poultry and have sounded a general alert in about 40 villages in a radius of five kilometers from the area where the deaths were reported.

Biswa Das, a resident of an affected area said that a large number of birds were falling sick. "We saw normal birds dying almost instantly without any symptoms. Now we find some of the poultry in the area a little sick," said Das.

While the state government is claiming that 100 birds had died in the block area, unconfirmed reports put the number at 200.


The last outbreak of bird flu in the country was reported in Darjeeling in West Bengal in May.
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Old November 28th, 2008, 10:30 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

OIE-report:

http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?...&reportid=7567

Location: Hajo, Rajabazar, Kamrup, ASSAM
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Old November 28th, 2008, 10:40 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

http://www.oie.int/wahis/reports/en_...128_154658.pdf

Immediate notification report
Report reference: , Ref OIE: 7566, Report Date: 28/11/2008 , Country: India
Report Summary
Disease
Highly pathogenic avian influenza Animal type Terrestrial

Causal Agent
Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus Serotype(s) H5N1

Clinical Signs
Yes Reason Reoccurrence of a listed disease

Date of first confirmation of the event
27/11/2008 Date of Start of Event 21/11/2008

Date of report
28/11/2008 Date Submitted To OIE 28/11/2008

Diagnosis
Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced) Date Of Last Occurrence 11/2008

Number Of Reported Outbreaks
Submitted= 1, Draft= 0 Name of Sender of the report Dr Natarajan Gokulram

Address
Dr Rajendra Prasad Road
Room No 231, Krishi Bhawan
New Delhi 110001
New Delhi 110001

Position
Secretary to the Government of India

Telephone
(91-11) 23 38 26 08

Fax
(91-11) 23 38 80 06

Email
secyahd@nic.in

Entered by
Dr Natarajan Gokulram

Outbreak (this report - submitted)
State District Village/Block Unit Type Location Latitude Longitude Start date End Date
ASSAM Kamrup Rajabazar Village Hajo 26,2 91,15 21/11/2008
Species Measuring units Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds Animals 391 324 324 ... ...
Affected Population
backyard poultry mainly in a small village

Outbreak summary: Total outbreaks = 1 (Submitted)
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 391 324 324
Epidemiology
Epidemiological comments
Epidemiological investigation is ongoing. Stamping out of all domestic poultry is being applied in an approximately 5-km-radius zone around the outbreaks followed by compensation of the owners.
An intensive surveillance campaign has been launched in a 10-km-radius zone including:
- closure of poultry markets and prohibition on sale and transportation of poultry products in the infected zone;
- disinfection of premises after culling and sealing of premises where appropriate.
Printed on: Fri Nov 28 15:46:59 Paris, Madrid 2008 Page 1/3
Restocking will be applied in accordance with a specific protocol.
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
• Unknown or inconclusive

Control Measures
• Stamping out
Applied
• Quarantine
• Movement control inside the country
• Screening

To be applied
• Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
• Dipping / Spraying

Animals treated
No

Vaccination Prohibited
No

Country / Zone
Country or zone
a zone or compartment

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory Type Name of Laboratory Species Test Type Date Results Provided Result
National laboratory High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Bhopal Birds virus isolation 27/11/2008 Positive
National laboratory High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Bhopal Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 27/11/2008 Positive
National laboratory High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Bhopal Birds real-time PCR 27/11/2008 Positive
Future Reporting
What further reports will be submitted in relation to this event?
There are 1outbreaks that are still recorded as unresolved. It is not possible to declare this event resolved until these individual outbreaks are resolved.
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Immediate notification report. Report reference: , Ref OIE: 7566, Report Date: 28/11/2008 , Country: India
Printed on: Fri Nov 28 15:46:59 Paris, Madrid 2008 Page 2/3
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

AVIAN INFLUENZA (112): INDIA (ASSAM), SUSPECTED, ALERT, REQUEST FOR
INFORMATION
************************************************** *****************************
A ProMED-mail post
<http://www.promedmail.org>
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org>

Date: Thu 27 Nov 2008
Source: The Hindu, Indo-Asian News Service (IANS) report [edited]
<http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/099200811271431.htm>


Bird flu scare in Assam, 300 poultry dead
-----------------------------------------
More than 300 poultry birds have died in the past 5 days in some
villages in Assam, fuelling fears of bird flu, officials said [in
Guwahati] Wednesday [26 Nov 2008], adding that a general alert was
sounded in the area.

A veterinary department official said up to 300 chicken and ducks
died an unnatural death in some villages around Hajo, about 35 km (22
mi) west of Assam's main city of Guwahati.

"We have sent samples for laboratory tests to Pune and Bangalore for
confirmation. We don't know for sure if the poultry deaths were due
to bird flu," a veterinary department official said requesting not to
be named.

Authorities Wednesday [26 Nov 2008] imposed a ban on sale of poultry
and have sounded a general alert in about 40 villages in a radius of
5 km (3.1 mi) from the area where the deaths were reported.

"By Thursday [27 Nov 2008] we shall be getting the laboratory test
reports and maybe we have to start the culling process as there has
been large-scale reports of deaths coming in from nearby areas,"
Kamrup district magistrate RC Jain said.

"We have imposed a ban on sale and purchase of poultry and have asked
people in the area not to consume chicken or duck as a precautionary
measure."

A general health alert was also sounded in the area. Teams of experts
are now camping in the area and were contemplating culling birds as a
precautionary measure.

Residents of the area said a large number of birds were falling sick.
"We saw normal birds dying almost instantly without any symptoms. Now
we find some of the poultry in the area a little sick," said Biswa
Das, a villager.

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall

[For the location of Assam in northeast India, see the map at
<http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/india_pol01.jpg>
and the HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map at
<http://healthmap.org/promed/en?g=1278253&v=26,93,5>.

For a summary of the recent H5N1 outbreak in India (West Bengal and
Tripura), which reportedly started on 4 Jan 2008 and was declared as
resolved on 4 Nov 2008 (no new cases since 11 May 2008), see
<http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=event_summary&reportid=6678>.

Confirmation of avian influenza or otherwise in Assam is requested. - Mod.AS]

[see also:
Avian influenza, human (60): India (West Bengal), susp. 20080803.2379
Avian influenza (69): S Korea, India (W Bengal) 20080515.1626
Avian influenza (68): Japan, S.Korea, Viet Nam, India 20080511.1605
Avian influenza (64): India (Tripura) 20080423.1434
Avian influenza (59): India (Tripura), South Korea (N Jeolla) 20080408.1295
Avian influenza (48): China, Bangladesh, India, Viet Nam 20080317.1042
Avian influenza (46): India, Viet Nam, Bangladesh 20080314.1013
Avian influenza (42): India (West Bengal) 20080309.0967
Avian influenza (35): UK (England), Indonesia, India, Bangladesh 20080215.0600
Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (02): Turkey, India 20080205.0462
Avian influenza (17): Iran (Mazandaran), India (West Bengal) - OIE
20080119.0235
Avian influenza (14): India (West Bengal) 20080117.0216
Avian influenza (11): India (West Bengal) 20080115.0193
2007
----
Avian influenza (133): India (Manipur): conf., OIE 20070726.2409
Avian influenza (58): Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia 20070322.1008]
........................................arn/mj/jw

http://www.promedmail.org/pls/otn/f?..._ID:1000,74936

Last edited by Diane Morin; November 28th, 2008 at 05:32 PM. Reason: link
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Old November 28th, 2008, 03:20 PM
HenryN HenryN is offline
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Culling operations on in Hajo
Staff reporter
GUWAHATI, Nov 28 – Culling of poultry in Hajo Revenue Circle areas in the wake of bird flu outbreak at Thakuria Chuba of Rajabazar Village, began this noon with the State Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Department deploying 20 Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) to ten villages of the Revenue Circle. Disclosing this, official sources here told The Assam Tribune that altogether 100 persons were involved in the culling operations. Each of the 20 RRTs has been accompanied also by one surveyor (Mandal) of the Kamrup District Administration. The operations will cover 23 villages within an area of 3km radius, said the sources.

Initially, culling operations were proposed to cover an area of 5 km radius around Thakuria Chuba. But the State Government has asked the Veterinary Department to carry out the operations in an area of 3 km radius around the locality, the sources said.

The poultry population being covered under the culling operations include backyard fowls, ducks and geese. A control room has also been set up at the Hajo Suren Das College.

Commenting on the response of the villagers to the culling operations, sources said that initially there was resistance from the people to the culling of their fowls, ducks and geese. However, that resistance could be overcome with long and persistent persuasion, said the sources.

About 9000 backyard birds were killed in ten Hajo villages today and the culling operations are expected to continue for another 4-5 days in the area, said the sources.

Meanwhile, the Veterinary Department has collected more poultry samples from Saralpara village of Palasbari, from where a similar phenomenon of unusual death of backyard poultry has been reported. These samples will be sent to the Bhopal-based High Security Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (HSADL) tomorrow, said the sources.

Poultry samples from the village were sent to the Pune-based National Institute of Virology yesterday for testing and confirmation of the presence of bird flu virus in the diseased poultry population of the village, said the sources.


http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/...d=nov2908/at05
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Old November 28th, 2008, 04:42 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Bird Flu Back: About 30,000 Poultry to be Culled in Assam


(IANS)

29 November 2008
PrintE-mail

GUWAHATI — About 30,000 chickens and ducks will be culled in Assam during the next four days as an outbreak of bird flu in poultry has been reported in the state, an official said.

“The entire culling process is expected to be completed in three to four days as our teams are visiting each and every household in the area. We estimate there could be some 30,000 poultry birds in the area where culling is currently underway,” said Manoranjan Choudhury, deputy director of the Assam veterinary department.
The Indian health ministry on Thursday confirmed outbreak of bird flu after laboratory tests confirmed strains of the deadly H5N1 avian influenza. Sale and purchase of poultry has been banned in the state.
Choudhury said about 30,000 chickens and ducks would be slaughtered in about 40 villages of Thakurichuba village, about 40 km west of Guwahati. The veterinary personnel were being administered the antiviral drug Tamiflu as a precautionary measure.


http://www.khaleejtimes.com/DisplayA...ernational&col=
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Old November 28th, 2008, 05:34 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Archive Number20081128.3749
Published Date28-NOV-2008
SubjectPRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (113): India (AS), HPAI conf.


AVIAN INFLUENZA (113): INDIA (ASSAM), HPAI CONFIRMED***************************************** ***********A ProMED-mail post<http://www.promedmail.org>ProMED-mail is a program of theInternational Society for Infectious Diseases<http://www.isid.org>Date: Fri 28 Nov 2008Source: The Telegraph, Calcutta [edited]<http://www.telegraphindia.com/1081128/jsp/northeast/story_10175439.jsp#>The Kamrup district administration tonight [27 Nov 2008] orderedculling of poultry in Rajapara village near Hajo [district of Assam]after tests for bird flu proved positive.Deputy commissioner RC Jain said he was informed of the test resultsthis evening [27 Nov 2008] and accordingly sent out orders to cullthe birds. "We have been ready since yesterday [26 Nov 2008]. But nowthe culling will start tomorrow," Jain said.The administration had sent samples of the dead birds to the HighSecurity Laboratory in Bhopal on Monday [24 Nov 2008] after 324poultry died last week [week of 17 Nov 2008].Jain said Thakuriapara in Rajapara under Hajo police station had 59families, of which 24 rear poultry in their backyard on a commercialscale.The deputy commissioner said 20 teams had been formed to carry outthe culling operations and all the associated paraphernalia were inplace.The movement of birds had earlier been restricted to a radius of 5 km(3.1 mi) of Thakuriapara to prevent the disease from spreading,though till this evening veterinarians only suspected it to be birdflu.A senior veterinary official from Delhi, AB Negi, arrived in Hajoyesterday [26 Nov 2008] for observation and supervision of theoperations if the need arose.Jain said nearly 30 000 birds would be culled. "The entire operationis likely to take about 3 days," he said.For each small chicken culled, a cash compensation of [INR] 20 [USD0.40) would be paid to the owner, while INR 50 [USD 1.00] is the ratefor bigger birds. For ducks, the compensation ranges from INR 75 toINR 160 [USD 1.50 to 3.60] depending on their size and breed. Eachegg that is destroyed, on the other hand, will fetch INR 2 [USD 0.04]as compensation. "We will pay the compensation on the spot," Jainsaid.The official said there was no need to ban the sale of poultryelsewhere in the state because of bird flu in one village.Hajo, which is about 40 km (25 mi) from [Guwahati, Assam state capital], provides a significant part of Guwahati's poultry requirements.--Communicated by:ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall[An additional newswire, with data of the daily mortalities observed in each of the affected holdings, is available at <http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/details.asp?id=nov2808/at06>.An official OIE notification on this renewed epizootic in India has been submitted to the OIE on Fri, 28 Nov 2008, including laboratory confirmation of H5N1 and a map; see at<http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=single_report&pop=1&reportid=7566>.- Mod.AS][India declared to the OIE on 31 Oct 2008 that it was free of bird flu, having resolved its last 2 outbreaks on 11 Apr 2008 -- see:<http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=event_summary&reportid=6678>India's reports to the OIE do not show any outbreak in West Bengal in July 2008, as reported in the press -- see ProMED archive 20080803.2379 below. - Mod.JW][see also:Avian influenza (112): India (AS), susp., alert, RFI 20081127.3740Avian influenza, human (60): India (West Bengal), susp. 20080803.2379Avian influenza (69): S Korea, India (W Bengal) 20080515.1626Avian influenza (68): Japan, S.Korea, Viet Nam, India 20080511.1605Avian influenza (64): India (Tripura) 20080423.1434Avian influenza (59): India (Tripura), South Korea (N Jeolla) 20080408.1295Avian influenza (48): China, Bangladesh, India, Viet Nam 20080317.1042Avian influenza (46): India, Viet Nam, Bangladesh 20080314.1013Avian influenza (42): India (West Bengal) 20080309.0967Avian influenza (35): UK (England), Indonesia, India, Bangladesh 20080215.0600Avian influenza, poultry vs migratory birds (02): Turkey, India 20080205.0462Avian influenza (17): Iran (Mazandaran), India (West Bengal) - OIE20080119.0235Avian influenza (14): India (West Bengal) 20080117.0216Avian influenza (11): India (West Bengal) 20080115.01932007----Avian influenza (133): India (Manipur): conf., OIE 20070726.2409Avian influenza (58): Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia 20070322.1008]........................................arn/mj/jw*############################################### ###########*************************************** **********************ProMED-mail makes every effort to verify the reports thatare posted, but the accuracy and completeness of theinformation, and of any statements or opinions basedthereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks inusing information posted or archived by ProMED-mail. ISIDand its associated service providers shall not be heldresponsible for errors or omissions or held liable for anydamages incurred as a result of use or reliance upon postedor archived material.***************************************** *******************Become a ProMED-mail Premium Subscriber at<http://www.isid.org/ProMEDMail_Premium.shtml>************************************************** **********Visit ProMED-mail's web site at <http://www.promedmail.org>.Send all items for posting to: promed@promedmail.org(NOT to an individual moderator). If you do not give yourfull name and affiliation, it may not be posted. Sendcommands to subscribe/unsubscribe, get archives, help,etc. to: majordomo@promedmail.org. For assistance from ahuman being send mail to: owner-promed@promedmail.org.################################################## ################################################## ####################
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Old November 28th, 2008, 06:09 PM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

SOurce: http://www.telegraphindia.com/108112...y_10178879.jsp

Culler’s knife cuts feast hopes to pieces
- Hajo villagers loath to let go of ducks and chicken being fattened for Magh Bihu
ANUPAM BORDOLOI

Rajabazar/Bakta (Hajo), Nov. 28: It is that time of year when ducks feed on fresh off-the-fields husk and gather fat around their supple flesh. Sarita Devi, angry because her duck was just starting to get fat, had been feeding it generously so that it grows ripe and ready for the Magh Bihu feast just one-an-half-months away.

“You have killed my duck. You have also killed our Bihu,” the 46-year-old wife of a farmer shouted at the rapid response team of the veterinary department as they left her courtyard, the dead duck hanging by the neck from one their hands.

As the rapid response teams spread out to the villages in Hajo to start culling of poultry to prevent the spread of bird flu to more areas, distraught people were asking only one question, “Why?”

The culling began around 11.30 this morning at Rajabazar, a minority-dominated village in Kamrup district with around 200 families. The veterinary department has identified this village as the epicentre of the bird flu outbreak and is targeting to cull around 30,000 poultry in a 5km radius of the village. The culling may take at least one week.

For people like Sarita Devi, however, their chicken and ducks looked fine. “Nobody here has poultry farms. But most people have their own backyard poultry farms with a couple of chicken or duck. There has been no death of poultry here,” said Aminul Haque of Rajabari whose two chicken were culled.

Sarita Devi said her family of six — husband, three daughters and a son — had planned to feast on the duck for the Magh Bihu feast. “We are poor people. Our poultry serves us during times of need. If someone falls ill, we sell one or two of them and use the money for treatment,” she said.

There were others like Ananta Kalita who, however, could understand the need of the hour. A local student leader, Kalita said he has been trying to help the veterinary department by explaining to the people why culling was necessary. “But these are very poor people and even one hen is like wealth to them,” he said.

The government pays Rs 50 for each full-grown poultry and Rs 20 for a chick.

Manoranjan Chaudhury, the deputy director of the veterinary department who was supervising the culling operations, said: “We will continue culling at night as most people let out their poultry in the morning. Our teams will stay overnight in the villages to carry out the task.”

While ducks do not fall prey to bird flu, they act as carriers of the deadly H5N1 virus which spreads rapidly once it enters a chicken’s body. Chaudhury said the virus “has most probably travelled through migratory birds. There are several water bodies in the area and they serve as nesting places of the migratory birds. The local poultry must have come with contact with the migratory birds here,” he said.

The Bhopal-based High Security Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory confirmed the presence of the H5N1 virus in the poultry of the area after testing samples sent by the veterinary department, which was alerted after large number of poultry died over the past one week.

Chaudhury said late tonight that around 1,000 poultry were culled today by 20 rapid response teams. “We are still collating the figures so the number could vary slightly. We covered 10 villages today.” He added that the speed would pick up from tomorrow when more teams would be pressed into service.
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Old November 29th, 2008, 12:19 AM
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Default Re: India: Assam, a new confirmed h5n1 poultry epizootic (11/26/2008) [rsoe edis]

Culler’s knife cuts feast hopes to pieces
- Hajo villagers loath to let go of ducks and chicken being fattened for Magh Bihu

Rajabazar/Bakta (Hajo), Nov. 28: It is that time of year when ducks feed on fresh off-the-fields husk and gather fat around their supple flesh. Sarita Devi, angry because her duck was just starting to get fat, had been feeding it generously so that it grows ripe and ready for the Magh Bihu feast just one-an-half-months away.



“You have killed my duck. You have also killed our Bihu,” the 46-year-old wife of a farmer shouted at the rapid response team of the veterinary department as they left her courtyard, the dead duck hanging by the neck from one their hands.


As the rapid response teams spread out to the villages in Hajo to start culling of poultry to prevent the spread of bird flu to more areas, distraught people were asking only one question, “Why?”


The culling began around 11.30 this morning at Rajabazar, a minority-dominated village in Kamrup district with around 200 families. The veterinary department has identified this village as the epicentre of the bird flu outbreak and is targeting to cull around 30,000 poultry in a 5km radius of the village. The culling may take at least one week.


For people like Sarita Devi, however, their chicken and ducks looked fine. “Nobody here has poultry farms. But most people have their own backyard poultry farms with a couple of chicken or duck. There has been no death of poultry here,” said Aminul Haque of Rajabari whose two chicken were culled.


Sarita Devi said her family of six — husband, three daughters and a son — had planned to feast on the duck for the Magh Bihu feast. “We are poor people. Our poultry serves us during times of need. If someone falls ill, we sell one or two of them and use the money for treatment,” she said.


There were others like Ananta Kalita who, however, could understand the need of the hour. A local student leader, Kalita said he has been trying to help the veterinary department by explaining to the people why culling was necessary. “But these are very poor people and even one hen is like wealth to them,” he said.


The government pays Rs 50 for each full-grown poultry and Rs 20 for a chick.


Manoranjan Chaudhury, the deputy director of the veterinary department who was supervising the culling operations, said: “We will continue culling at night as most people let out their poultry in the morning. Our teams will stay overnight in the villages to carry out the task.”


While ducks do not fall prey to bird flu, they act as carriers of the deadly H5N1 virus which spreads rapidly once it enters a chicken’s body. Chaudhury said the virus “has most probably travelled through migratory birds. There are several water bodies in the area and they serve as nesting places of the migratory birds. The local poultry must have come with contact with the migratory birds here,” he said.


The Bhopal-based High Security Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory confirmed the presence of the H5N1 virus in the poultry of the area after testing samples sent by the veterinary department, which was alerted after large number of poultry died over the past one week.

Chaudhury said late tonight that around 1,000 poultry were culled today by 20 rapid response teams. “We are still collating the figures so the number could vary slightly. We covered 10 villages today.” He added that the speed would pick up from tomorrow when more teams would be pressed into service.







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This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. Users may make such material available in an effort to advance awareness and understanding of issues relating to public health, civil rights, economics, individual rights, international affairs, liberty, science & technology, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C.Section 107, the material on this site is distributed to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.

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If you are a legal copyright holder or a designated agent for such and you believe a post on this website falls outside the boundaries of "Fair Use" and legitimately infringes on yours or your clients copyright

we may be contacted concerning copyright matters at:

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In accordance with section 512 of the U.S. Copyright Act our contact information has been registered with the United States Copyright Office. "Safe Harbor" noticing procedures as outlined in the DMCA apply to this website concerning all 3rd party posts published herein.

If notice is given of an alleged copyright violation we will act expeditiously to remove or disable access to the material(s) in question.

All 3rd party material posted on this website is the copyright of the respective owners / authors. FluTrackers.com Inc. makes no claim of copyright on such material.

For more information please visit: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

Please be aware any communications sent complaining about a post on this website may be posted publicly at the discretion of the administration.

FluTrackers Does Not Provide Any Medical Advice:

FluTrackers, Inc. does not provide medical advice. Information on this web site is collected from various internet resources, and the FluTrackers board of directors makes no warranty to the safety, efficacy, correctness or completeness of the information posted on this site by any author or poster.

The information collated here is for instructional and/or discussion purposes only and is NOT intended to diagnose or treat any disease, illness, or other medical condition. Every individual reader or poster should seek advice from their personal physician/healthcare practitioner before considering or using any interventions that are discussed on this website.

By continuing to access this website you agree to consult your personal physican before using any interventions posted on this website, and you agree to hold harmless FluTrackers.com Inc., the board of directors, the members, and all authors and posters for any effects from use of any medication, supplement, vitamin or other substance, device, intervention, etc. mentioned in posts on this website, or other internet venues referenced in posts on this website.

By using and/or accessing this site, either passively or actively, you are agreeing to all of the above conditions. Also, by using and/or accessing this site, either passively or actively, you agree to conduct all business and legal affairs related to this website in the jurisdiction of Flutrackers.com Inc. which is registered in Central Florida, USA.

These Disclaimers are subject to change at anytime.

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